M3 LIGHT TANK (General Stuart)

M3 LIGHT TANK (General Stuart)
Image: M3 Light Tank (U.S. Library of Congress)
YearMarch 1941
Vehicle Type[@type]
Origin & Designer[@designer]
Numbers Produced4.526
Crew4 (Commander/Gunner, Loader, Driver & Assistant Driver)
Main Armament1 x 37mm L/53 M5 or M6 Gun
Main Armament[@sponson_traverse]
Elevation-10° to +20°
Turret Traverse360° (Manual)
Gun Traverse[@gun_traverse]
Gun Mount[@gun_mounts]
Maximum Range[@maximum_range]
Armour Penetration[@armour_penetration]
Gun Sight[@gun_sight]
Secondary Armament1 x .30 cal M1919A4 Machine Gun (AA Mount).
1 x .30 cal M1919A4 Machine Gun (Coaxial).
1 x .30 cal M1919A4 Machine Gun (Bow).
Smoke Discharger[@smoke_discharger]
Ammunition Carried103 x 37mm & 8.270 x .30 cal
Combat Weight12.700 kg
Ground Clearance0.41m
Fording Depth0.91m
Trench Crossing1.80m
Obstacle Clearance0.61m
Climbing Ability30°
RadioSCR 245
ArmourUpper Hull Front: 44mm.
Lower Hull Front: 37mm.
Upper Hull Sides: 25mm.
Lower Hull Sides: 25mm.
Hull Rear: 25mm.
Hull Top: 13mm.
Gun Mantlet: 38mm.
Turret Front: 38mm.
Turret Sides: 25mm.
Turret Rear: 25mm.
Turret Top: 13mm.
EngineContinental W-670-9A (Petrol)
Transmission5 Forward & 1 Reverse
Maximum Road Range68 miles (110 km)
Maximum Cross Country Range68 miles (110 km)
Maximum Water Range[@maximum_water_range]
Maximum Road Speed36 mph (58 kph)
Maximum Cross Country Speed20 mph (32 kph)
Maximum Water Speed[@maximum_water_speed]
VariantsM3 Diesel: 1.285 Built from June 1941.
M3A1: May 1942, 4.410 Built. Incorporated a new powered turret (24°/Sec) with Gun stabilizer.
M3A3: September 1942, 3.427 Built. Sloped armour and overhang for SCR 508 Radio.
NotesThe main U.S. Light Tank at the start of the war. The M3 came about after US observers had recognised the need for an improved light tank to equip their reconnaissance battalions, this come about by monitoring events in Europe and noting how effective the German tanks were in action. The British gave the M3 its baptism of fire in the battle of Sidi Rezegh in the western desert and was well light by their crews. The model M3 was fast and reliable and with 13.648 M3s, M3A1s and M3A3s produced it served on all fronts.