75mm M1897A4 FIELD GUN

75mm M1897A4 FIELD GUN
Image: 75mm M1897A4 Field Gun (Hampton Battery F)
Weapon Type[@type]
Origin & Designer[@designer]
Numbers Produced850
CrewCorporal/Squad Leader + .30 cal M1 Rifle.
Pvt/Gunner + .30 cal M1 Carbine.
Pvt/Assistant Gunner + .30 cal M1 Carbine.
3 x Pvts/Ammunition Bearers + .30 cal M1 Carbines.
Pvt/Driver (Towing Vehicle) + .30 cal M1 Carbine.
Calibre75mm (75x350R)
Elevation-9° to +45°
BreechEccentric Screw
Gun SightM1
Gun Mount[@gun_mounts]
CarriageM2A3: Split Trail
Gun Shield6.4mm
Armoured Plate[@armoured_plate]
Barrel Length2.690mm (L/36)
Overall Length[@length]
WeightWeight in Action: 1.544 kg.
Round WeightAP (M72) 8.2 kg.
HE (M48) 8.4 kg.
Muzzle VelocityAP 620 m/s.
HE 600 m/s.
Magazine Capacity[@magazine_capacity]
Practical Rate of Fire6 r.p.m.
Rate of Fire[@rate_of_fire]
Maximum Rate of Fire15 r.p.m.
Maximum Ceiling[@maximum_ceiling]
Maximum Ground Range[@maximum_ground_range]
Maximum RangeAP: 2000m.
HE: 12.430m.
Armour Penetration60mm @ 500m @ 30°
TractionMotorised (Dodge 2 ½ ton Truck)
NotesWhen the US entered the great war of 1914-18 they lacked a light artillery piece. This problem was solved by equipping the field artillery regiments with the French 75mm mle 1897 field gun. In between the wars the US army kept the mle 1897 as their main field gun and these came in a number of variants, the initial versions made in France, versions built under licence in the US, and later versions with slightly different carriages. One of the main versions was the M1897A4 which remained in service right up to the start of WW2, but by 1941 it had given way to the more modern and heavier 105mm Howitzer as the standard weapon of the Field Artillery Regiments, some were mounted on the M3 Half-Track and used as Self-Propelled Guns. It finished its career back in the USA as a training weapon but some saw service with the National Guard stationed in the Philippines.