Constituted and organized in 1913 as the 1st Advanced Base Brigade at the Marine Barracks, Navy Yard, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Redesignated in 1914 as the 1st Brigade.
Inactivated in 1934.
Redesignated 1st Brigade, Fleet Marine Force, and activated 1 September 1935 at Marine Corps Base, Quantico, Virginia.
Redesignated 1 February 1941 as the 1st Marine Division at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
COMMANDERS IN COMBAT
Major General Alexander A. Vandegrift - Assumed Command February 1942
Major General William H. Rupertus - Assumed command July 1943
Brigadier General Oliver P. Smith - Assumed command May 1944
Major General William H. Rupertis - Assumed command June 1944
Major General Pedro A. del Valle - Assumed command November 1944
Major General Dewitt Peck Assumed Command August 1945
ORDER OF BATTLE
Headquarters Battalion, 1st Marine Division
1st Engineer Battalion
1st Tank Battalion
1st Pioneer Battalion
1st Marine Regiment
5th Marine Regiment
7th Marine Regiment
11th Marine Regiment (Artillery)
1st Service Battalion
1st Medical Battalion
1st Motor Transport Battalion
WORLD WAR II CAMPAIGN PARTICIPATION
Guadalcanal, Cape Gloucester, New Britain, Peleliu, Okinawa