Constituted 18 July 1917 as the 38th Division.
Organized 25 August 1917 at Camp Shelby, Mississippi.
Inactivated 8 March 1919 at Camp Zachery Taylor. Kentucky.
Activated 16 March 1923 with headquarters at Indianapolis, Indiana.
Ordered into federal service 17 January 1941 at Indianapolis, Indiana.
Reorganized and redesignated 1 March 1942 as the 38th Infantry Division.
Inactivated 9 November 1945 at Camp Anza, California.
Activated 5 March 1947 with headquarters at Indianapolis, Indiana.
COMMANDERS IN COMBAT
Major General Henry L. C. Jones - Assumed command April 1942
Major General William C. Chase - Assumed command February 1945
Major General Frederick A. Irving - Assumed command August 1945
ORDER OF BATTLE
Headquarters, 38th Infantry Division
Headquarters Company, 38th Infantry Division
38th Cavalry Reconnaissance Troop
113th Engineer Combat Battalion
149th Infantry Regiment
151st Infantry Regiment
152nd Infantry Regiment
Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, Division Artillery
138th Field Artillery Battalion
139th Field Artillery Battalion
150th Field Artillery Battalion
163rd Field Artillery Battalion
Headquarters, Special Troops
113th Medical Battalion
738th Ordnance Light Maintenance Company
38th Signal Company
38th Quartermaster Company
WORLD WAR II CAMPAIGN PARTICIPATION
New Guinea, Leyte, Luzon (with arrowhead)