Image: Challenger (IWM)
YearDecember 1943
Vehicle TypeMedium Tank
Origin & DesignerBritain/Birmingham Carriage Company
Numbers Produced200
Crew5 (Commander, Gunner, Loaders & Driver)
Main Armament1 x QOF 17 pdr L/55 Mk. II Gun
Main Armament[@sponson_traverse]
Elevation-10° to +18°
Turret Traverse360° (Powered)
Gun Traverse[@gun_traverse]
Gun Mount[@gun_mounts]
Maximum Range[@maximum_range]
Armour Penetration[@armour_penetration]
Gun SightNo 33 Mk II S
Secondary Armament1 x 7.62mm M1919A4 Machine Gun (Coaxial)
Smoke Discharger[@smoke_discharger]
Ammunition Carried42 x 76.2mm & 3.750 x 7.62mm Rounds
Combat Weight33.000 kg
Ground Clearance0.41m
Fording Depth1.37m
Trench Crossing2.59m
Obstacle Clearance0.91m
Climbing Ability31°
RadioNo. 19 Set
ArmourHull Front: 63mm.
Hull Sides: 62mm.
Hull Rear: 32mm.
Hull Top: 20mm.
Hull Bottom: 10mm.
Gun Mantlet: 102mm.
Turret Front: 76mm.
Turret Sides: 63mm.
Turret Rear: 57mm.
Turret Top: 20mm.
EngineRolls Royce Meteor V-12 (Petrol)
Transmission5 Forward & 1 Reverse
Maximum Road Range241 km
Maximum Cross Country Range113 km
Maximum Water Range[@maximum_water_range]
Maximum Road Speed52 kph
Maximum Cross Country Speed24 kph
Maximum Water Speed[@maximum_water_speed]
NotesDeveloped as a tank destroyer the Challenger mounted the excellent 17 pdr, the motive behind this was to give armoured units a tank in which to be able to engage the new heavier models of German tanks, the chassis was a lengthened version of the Cromwell and a had new turret to house the large gun. Production totals never exceeded 200 due to the availability of the Sherman Firefly. The Challenger served alongside the Cromwell in armoured reconnaissance regiments.