CRUISER TANK (A41) CENTURION Mk. I

CRUISER TANK (A41) CENTURION Mk. I
Image: Centurion Mk. I (IWM)
YearApril 1945
Vehicle TypeMedium Tank
Origin & DesignerBritain/Vickers, Leyland & Royal Ordnance Factories
Numbers Produced15 (A41) 5
Crew4 (Commander Gunner, Loader & Driver)
Main ArmamentOut of the 20 produced:
15 = 1 x OQF 17 pdr L/55 Mk. VI Gun.
5 = OQF 77 pdr L/55 Mk. II Gun.
Main Armament[@sponson_traverse]
Elevation-15° to +45°
Turret Traverse360° (Powered)
Gun Traverse[@gun_traverse]
Gun Mount[@gun_mounts]
Maximum Range[@maximum_range]
Armour Penetration[@armour_penetration]
Gun SightNo. 43 ML Mk. II
Secondary ArmamentOut of the 20 produced:
10 x 2 x 20mm L/72.4 Polsten Cannon.
10 x 2 x 7.92mm Besa Machine Guns.
Smoke Discharger2 x 6in Smoke Mortars
Ammunition Carried70 x 76.2mm & 960 x 20mm or 3.375 x 7.92mm Rounds + 12 x Smoke Rounds
Height.01m
Width3.39m
Length7.82m
Combat Weight48.770 kg
Ground Clearance0.51m
Fording Depth1.30m
Trench Crossing3.30m
Obstacle Clearance1.0m
Climbing Ability25°
RadioNo. 19 Set
ArmourHull Front: 76mm.
Hull Sides: 51mm.
Hull Rear: 38mm.
Hull Top: 29mm.
Hull Bottom: 17mm.
Gun Mantlet: 152mm.
Turret Front: 127mm (152mm A41S).
Turret Sides: 76mm.
Turret Rear: 76mm.
Turret Top: 25mm.
EngineRolls Royce Meteor IV (Petrol)
Transmission5 Forward & 2 Reverse
Maximum Road Range192 km
Maximum Cross Country Range[@maximum_cross_country_range]
Maximum Water Range[@maximum_water_range]
Maximum Road Speed34 kph
Maximum Cross Country Speed24 kph
Maximum Water Speed[@maximum_water_speed]
Variants[@variants]
NotesThe first in a long line of successful Centurion’s was the Mk.I, the first 15 had the same 17 pdr gun that was used on the Firefly and were known as A41s, the last five had the same 77mm that was mounted on the Comet and these were known as the A41S. The first 10 had a coaxially fired 20mm cannon with the final ten having a 7.92mm Besa, the suspension system was the Horstmann, which was easier to maintain in the field. The first six produced were sent for field trials in Europe but the war ended before they began.