Image: Churchill AVRE (IWM)
Vehicle TypeHeavy Engineer Tank
Origin & DesignerBritain/REME & MG
Numbers Produced754 (All V
Crew6 (Commander, Gunner, Loader, Demolition NCO, Radio Operator & Driver)
Main Armament290mm Mk. I or II Spigot Mortar
Main Armament[@sponson_traverse]
Elevation-8° to +15°
Turret Traverse360° (Powered)
Gun Traverse[@gun_traverse]
Gun Mount[@gun_mounts]
Maximum Range[@maximum_range]
Armour Penetration[@armour_penetration]
Gun SightNo. 39
Secondary Armament1 x 7.92mm Besa Machine Gun
Smoke Discharger2 x 2in Smoke Mortars
Ammunition Carried26 x Projectiles & 4.500 x 7.92mm + 30 x Smoke Rounds
Combat Weight40.000 kg
Ground Clearance0.51m
Fording Depth0.91m
Trench Crossing3.05m
Obstacle Clearance1.13m
Climbing Ability34°
RadioNo. 19 Set
ArmourHull Front: 89mm.
Hull Sides: 76mm.
Hull Rear: 50mm.
Hull Top: 19mm.
Hull Bottom: 16mm.
Gun Mantle: 89mm.
Turret Front: 89mm.
Turret Sides: 76mm.
Turret Rear: 76mm.
Turret Top: 19mm.
EngineTwo Bedford Twin Six (Petrol)
Transmission4 Forward & 1 Reverse
Maximum Road Range259 km
Maximum Cross Country Range154 km
Maximum Water Range[@maximum_water_range]
Maximum Road Speed25 kph
Maximum Cross Country Speed13 kph
Maximum Water Speed[@maximum_water_speed]
VariantsFascine Carrier (Brushwood bundle to gap small ditches).
Bobbin Matt Layer (3m wide canvas roll to allow access over soft sand).
Box Girder Bridge (9.1m long Bridge to breech sea wall or Anti-Tank Ditch).
NotesEquipped with a 290mm Spigot Mortar the Churchill ARVE (Armoured Vehicle Royal Engineers) could be adapted to operate in many roles, the most important were fascine carrier (to bridge trenches or ditches), carpet layer (to cross soft ground) and box girder bridge (to cross sea walls and other gaps such tank ditches). The 290mm spigot mortar was used to knockout pill boxes and emplacements.