Image: Flammpanzer 38(t) Hetzer (US Army Photo)
YearDecember 1944
Vehicle TypeLight Flame-Thrower Tank
Origin & DesignerGermany/BMM
Numbers Produced20
Crew4 (Commander, Gunner, Radio Operator & Driver)
Main Armament1 x 14mm Flammwerfer 41
Main Armament[@sponson_traverse]
Elevation-6° to +12°
Turret Traverse[@turret_traverse]
Gun Traverse5° Left & 11° Right
Gun Mount[@gun_mounts]
Maximum Range[@maximum_range]
Armour Penetration[@armour_penetration]
Gun SightSflZF1a
Secondary Armament1 x 7.92mm MG34 or MG42 (Roof)
Smoke Discharger[@smoke_discharger]
Ammunition Carried700 Litres + 1.200 x 7.92mm
Combat Weight15.500 kg
Ground Clearance0.41m
Fording Depth0.89m
Trench Crossing1.31m
Obstacle Clearance0.65m
Climbing Ability29°
ArmourLower Hull Front: 60mm
Lower Hull Sides: 20mm
Lower Hull Rear: 20mm
Lower Hull Top: 10mm
Hull Bottom: 8mm
Gun Mantle: 60mm
Upper Hull Front: 60mm
Upper Hull Sides: 20mm
Upper Hull Rear: 20mm
Upper Hull Top: 10mm
EnginePraga EPA AC/2 (Petrol)
Transmission5 Forward & 1 Reverse
Maximum Road Range177m
Maximum Cross Country Range97 km
Maximum Water Range[@maximum_water_range]
Maximum Road Speed42 kph
Maximum Cross Country Speed16 kph
Maximum Water Speed[@maximum_water_speed]
NotesIn late 1944, twenty Hetzer’s had their main gun replaced by a single flame-thrower. These were converted by orders to equip units with a flame-thrower tank to take part in the new offensive code named “Unternehmen Wacht am Rhein”. The flame-thrower itself had a tubular cover added to make it look like a standard Hetzer. The vehicles were first used in action during “Operation Nordwind” and were used along with assault pioneers to take out enemy bunkers. Apart from the flame-thrower the vehicles had no main weapon and as a result they were vulnerable to attack from enemy armoured vehicles. The idea was to integrate them with other tanks to provide protection, but many were lost to enemy action.