Image: Carro Armato M11/39 (
Vehicle TypeMedium Tank
Origin & DesignerItaly/Ansaldo
Numbers Produced100
Crew3 (Commander/Gunner, Gunner & Driver)
Main Armament1 x 37mm L/40 Vickers-Terni Gun (Bow)
Main Armament[@sponson_traverse]
Elevation-12° to +12°
Turret Traverse360° (Manual)
Gun Traverse15° Left & Right (Manual)
Gun Mount[@gun_mounts]
Maximum Range[@maximum_range]
Armour Penetration[@armour_penetration]
Gun Sight[@gun_sight]
Secondary Armament2 x 8mm Breda M38 Machine Guns (Turret)
Smoke Discharger[@smoke_discharger]
Ammunition Carried84 x 37mm & 2.808 x 8mm
Combat Weight11.185 kg
Ground Clearance0.41m
Fording Depth1.0m
Trench Crossing2.10m
Obstacle Clearance0.80m
Climbing Ability40°
ArmourHull Front: 30mm
Hull Sides: 15mm
Hull Rear: 15mm
Hull Top: 6mm
Hull Bottom: 6mm
Gun Mantle: 30mm
Turret Front: 30mm
Turret Sides: 15mm
Turret Rear: 15mm
Turret Top: 6mm
EngineFiat-SPA 8T (Diesel)
Transmission4 Forward & 1 Reverse
Maximum Road Range200 km
Maximum Cross Country Range[@maximum_cross_country_range]
Maximum Water Range[@maximum_water_range]
Maximum Road Speed33 kph
Maximum Cross Country Speed13 kph
Maximum Water Speed[@maximum_water_speed]
NotesThe Italian army first saw the need for a medium tank in 1939 and Fiat came forward with what they called a break through tank and this went into production as the M11/39. This vehicle was similar to an assault gun in many ways, as the designers wanted a gun with limited traverse to be able to destroy targets and a revolving turret mounting two machine guns to deal with infantry. The first M11/39s where sent to Africa in 1940 and saw action against the British. The M11/39 was found wanting when faced with British heavy tanks such as the Matilda, but they were the only battle tanks available and suffered due to inadequate armour and mechanical failures. Surviving vehicles were withdrawn and replaced by the M13/40.