Image: Ke-Ni (Wikipedia)
Vehicle TypeLight Tank
Origin & DesignerJapan/Hino Jidosha Kogyo
Numbers Produced113
Crew3 (Commander/Gunner, Loader & Driver)
Main Armament1 x Type 100 37mm L/36.7 Gun
Main Armament[@sponson_traverse]
Elevation-15° to +20°
Turret Traverse360° (Manual)
Gun Traverse[@gun_traverse]
Gun Mount[@gun_mounts]
Maximum Range[@maximum_range]
Armour Penetration[@armour_penetration]
Gun SightType 96 Mk. 4
Secondary Armament1 x Type 97 7.7mm Machine Gun (Coaxial)
Smoke Discharger[@smoke_discharger]
Ammunition Carried110 x 37mm & 1.400 x 7.7mm
Combat Weight7.200 kg
Ground Clearance0.35m
Fording Depth0.75m
Trench Crossing2.10m
Obstacle Clearance0.70m
Climbing Ability30°
RadioType 94 Mk. 4
ArmourHull Front: 15mm
Hull Sides: 15mm
Hull Rear: 9mm
Hull Top: 6mm
Hull Bottom: 6mm
Gun Mantle: 15mm
Turret Front: 15mm
Turret Sides: 12mm
Turret Rear: 12mm
Turret Top: 6mm
EngineMitsubishi Type 100 130 HP (Diesel)
Transmission4 Forward & 1 Reverse
Maximum Road Range186 km
Maximum Cross Country Range[@maximum_cross_country_range]
Maximum Water Range[@maximum_water_range]
Maximum Road Speed50 kph
Maximum Cross Country Speed25 kph
Maximum Water Speed[@maximum_water_speed]
NotesThe Ke-Ni was another light tank and was developed to replace the Ha-Go. Up to then, all Japanese tankettes and light tanks were vulnerable to fire from heavy machine guns, namely the .50 cal Browning, so the Ke-Ni had slightly better frontal armour. It was armed with an improved 37mm type 100 gun, but unlike previous models of light tank, the turret could accommodate two crew members, the commander/gunner and loader, and this took the pressure off the commander who in the past had to fire and load the gun and command the tank. Because the Ke-Ni came late in the war and only built in small number, most of them were kept in Japan to defend the home islands against invasion, but some reports say a few saw action in Manchuria.