Image: Chi-Nu (Wikipedia)
Vehicle TypeMedium Tank
Origin & DesignerJapan/Mitsubishi
Numbers Produced166
Crew5 (Commander, Gunner, Loader, Hull Gunner & Driver)
Main Armament1 x Type 3 75mm L/38 Gun
Main Armament[@sponson_traverse]
Elevation-10° to +25°
Turret Traverse360° (Manual)
Gun Traverse[@gun_traverse]
Gun Mount[@gun_mounts]
Maximum Range[@maximum_range]
Armour Penetration[@armour_penetration]
Gun Sight[@gun_sight]
Secondary Armament1 x Type 97 7.7mm Machine Gun (Bow)
Smoke Discharger[@smoke_discharger]
Ammunition Carried55 x 75mm & 4.035 x 7.7mm
Combat Weight18.800 kg
Ground Clearance0.42m
Fording Depth1.0m
Trench Crossing2.50m
Obstacle Clearance0.90m
Climbing Ability34°
RadioType 96 Mk. 4
ArmourHull Front: 50mm
Hull Sides: 15mm
Hull Rear: 8mm
Hull Top: 8mm
Hull Bottom: 8mm
Gun Mantle: 50mm
Turret Front: 50mm
Turret Sides: 45mm
Turret Rear: 45mm
Turret Top: 8mm
EngineMitsubishi Type 100 240 HP (Diesel)
Transmission4 Forward & 1 Reverse
Maximum Road Range210 km
Maximum Cross Country Range90 km
Maximum Water Range[@maximum_water_range]
Maximum Road Speed39 kph
Maximum Cross Country Speed23 kph
Maximum Water Speed[@maximum_water_speed]
NotesThe Japanese soon saw the need to develop a battle tank which could carry a high velocity 75mm gun. The Ha-Go and Chi-Ha had struggled to come to terms with heavier and more powerful allied vehicles and even the introduction of the Shinhoto Chi-Ha failed to address the problem. In 1943 a design was put forward to develop a tank to re-address the balance but this would take time, so an interim vehicle was proposed and this used a modified chassis of the Chi-Ha and mounted a 75mm gun. The main gun was the 75mm Type 3, which was a variant of the Type 90 field gun and was mounted in a revolving turret. It was protected by up to 50mm of armour and had a crew of five. Around 66 were produced and all remained in Japan to defend the home islands.