T-34/85 M1944

T-34/85 M1944
Image: T-34/85 Medium Tank (Wikipedia)
YearMarch 1944
Vehicle TypeMedium Tank
Origin & Designer[@designer]
Numbers Produced17.680
Crew5 (Commander, Gunner, Loader, Hull Gunner & Driver)
Main Armament1 x 85mm L/52 M1944 S-53 Gun
Main Armament[@sponson_traverse]
Elevation-5° to +22°
Turret Traverse360° (21/Sec Powered)
Gun Traverse[@gun_traverse]
Gun Mount[@gun_mounts]
Maximum Range[@maximum_range]
Armour Penetration[@armour_penetration]
Gun SightTSh-16
Secondary Armament2 x 7.62mm DT Machine Guns (Coaxial & Bow)
Smoke Discharger[@smoke_discharger]
Ammunition Carried56 x 85mm & 1.880 x 7.62mm
Combat Weight32.000 kg
Ground Clearance0.40m
Fording Depth1.30m
Trench Crossing2.50m
Obstacle Clearance0.80m
Climbing Ability35°
ArmourHull Front: 60mm
Hull Sides: 45mm
Hull Rear: 45mm
Hull Top: 20mm
Hull Bottom: 20mm
Gun Mantle: 90mm
Turret Front: 90mm
Turret Sides: 75mm
Turret Rear: 75mm
Turret Top: 20mm
EngineV-2-34 (Diesel)
Transmission5 Forward & 1 Reverse
Maximum Road Range300 km
Maximum Cross Country Range180 km
Maximum Water Range[@maximum_water_range]
Maximum Road Speed55 kph
Maximum Cross Country Speed22 kph
Maximum Water Speed[@maximum_water_speed]
NotesAfter the battle of Kursk it was decided to up-grade the T-34 and this was brought about by the appearance of heavier German armour. The main job was design a gun capable of knocking out the Tiger and Panther tanks and after various testing, the 85mm chosen. The gun needed a new turret and one that could hold a three man turret crew. The T-34/85 was adopted as the standard Soviet medium tank and gradually replaced the earlier models.