Image: KV-85 (Red Army Photo)
YearSeptember 1943
Vehicle TypeHeavy Tank
Origin & Designer[@designer]
Numbers Produced130
Crew4 (Commander/Loader, Gunner, Hull Gunner/Mechanic & Driver)
Main Armament1 x 85mm L/52 D-5T Gun
Main Armament[@sponson_traverse]
Elevation-5° to +24°
Turret Traverse360° (Powered)
Gun Traverse[@gun_traverse]
Gun Mount[@gun_mounts]
Maximum Range[@maximum_range]
Armour Penetration[@armour_penetration]
Gun SightPT4-13
Secondary Armament3 x 7.62mm DT Machine Guns (Coaxial, Bow & Turret Rear)
Smoke Discharger[@smoke_discharger]
Ammunition Carried71 x 85mm & 2.150 x 7.62mm
Combat Weight46.000 kg
Ground Clearance0.40m
Fording Depth1.60m
Trench Crossing2.70m
Obstacle Clearance1.20m
Climbing Ability36°
ArmourHull Front: 75mm
Hull Sides: 60mm
Hull Rear: 70mm
Hull Top: 30mm
Hull Bottom: 40mm
Gun Mantle: 95mm
Turret Front: 100mm
Turret Sides: 100mm
Turret Rear: 100mm
Turret Top: 40mm
EngineV-2-K (Diesel)
Transmission5 Forward & 1 Reverse
Maximum Road Range251 km
Maximum Cross Country Range150 km
Maximum Water Range[@maximum_water_range]
Maximum Road Speed35 kph
Maximum Cross Country Speed12 kph
Maximum Water Speed[@maximum_water_speed]
NotesWith the appearance of the new breed of German heavy tanks, it was apparent that new Soviet tank had to be developed to keep the balance. With the resulting IS tanks still in the early stages of development, the Soviets decided on an interim vehicle to in fill the void caused by the introduction of the Panther and the KV was chose as a basis for this vehicle. They used a KV-1 chassis and added a new turret in which to house the large 85mm gun. The resulting vehicle was soon arriving at the front and saw action at the back end of 1943. The KV-85 was a good heavy tank which had heavy armour and a powerful gun, it was only built in small numbers and these were thrown into action during the Soviet offensives in 1944.