Image: SU-85 (RIA Novosti)
YearAugust 1943
Vehicle TypeTank Destroyer
Origin & Designer[@designer]
Numbers Produced2.050
Crew4 (Commander, Gunner, Loader & Driver)
Main Armament1 x 85mm L/52 D-5S
Main Armament[@sponson_traverse]
Elevation-3° to +20°
Turret Traverse[@turret_traverse]
Gun Traverse10° Left & Right (Manual)
Gun Mount[@gun_mounts]
Maximum Range[@maximum_range]
Armour Penetration[@armour_penetration]
Gun SightTSh-15
Secondary Armament[@secondary_armament]
Smoke Discharger[@smoke_discharger]
Ammunition Carried48 x 85mm
Combat Weight29.600 kg
Ground Clearance0.40m
Fording Depth1.30m
Trench Crossing2.50m
Obstacle Clearance0.80m
Climbing Ability35°
ArmourHull Front: 45mm
Hull Sides: 45mm
Hull Rear: 45mm
Hull Top: 20mm
Hull Bottom: 20mm
Gun Compartment:
Gun Mantle: 75mm
Front: 45mm
Sides: 45mm
Rear: 45mm
Top: 20mm
EngineV-2-34 (Diesel)
Transmission5 Forward & 1 Reverse
Maximum Road Range400 km
Maximum Cross Country Range200 km
Maximum Water Range[@maximum_water_range]
Maximum Road Speed47 kph
Maximum Cross Country Speed25 kph
Maximum Water Speed[@maximum_water_speed]
NotesThe SU-85 (Samokhodnaya Ustanovka) was really a SU-122 but mounted an 85mm gun, which gave it all the capabilities as a tank destroyer. The 85mm D-5S gun was derived from the 85mm anti-aircraft gun and was modified for such use. The SU-122 was built on the T-34 chassis which provided a stable platform and this also gave the SU-85 great mobility and reliability. The SU-85 was capable of destroying the much vaunted Tiger at a decent range and was issued to tank destroyer battalions.