STV-38 & 40

STV-38 & 40
Image: STV-40 (RIA Novosti)
YearSTV-38: 1938
STV-40: 1940
Weapon TypeSelf-Loading Rifle
Origin & DesignerRussia/Tokarev
Numbers ProducedSTV-38: 150.000
STV-40: 70.000
Calibre7.62mm (7.62x54R)
Cartridge Weight[@cartridge_weight]
Round Weight147gr (9.5g)
Barrel LengthSTV-38: 610mm
STV-40: 625mm
Overall LengthSTV-38: 1.222mm
STV-40: 1.226mm
Grenade Types[@grenade_types]
Combat WeightSTV-38: 3.95 kg
STV-40: 3.85 kg
Cooling System[@cooling]
SightsFront Post & Rear Tangent
Feed10 Round Magazine
Practical Rate of Fire25-30 r.p.m.
Maximum Rate of Fire[@maximum_rate_of_fire]
Blank Cartridge[@blank_cartridge]
Muzzle Velocity840 m/s
Fuel Capacity[@fuel_capacity]
Minimum Range[@minimum_range]
Effective Range500m
Maximum Range2000m
Armour Penetration[@armour_penetration]
BayonetSTV-38 & 40 Model Ba
NotesThe STV-38 (Samozaryadnaya Vintovka Tokareva) was a semi-automatic rifle which was designed by Tokarev and developed during the early 1930s as a replacement to the bolt-actioned Nagant rifles. It was put into production in 1939 and saw action during the war with Finland. It got a mixed reaction from the troops who found it too long and hard to maintain in the field, problems with the magazine falling out during battle was another issue. Despite the problems around 150.000 were built before production was halted. A modified version was issued, which was known as the STV-40 and this was a lighter version with improvements made to the magazine and handguard, it was also simpler to produce and built in large numbers. Both models never come near to replacing the Nagant rifle and was mainly issued to NCOs and special units.