PPD-34, 34/38 & 40

PPD-34, 34/38 & 40
Image: PPD-40 (RIA Novosti)
YearPPD-34: June 1935
PPD-34/38: 1938
PPD-40: February 1940
Weapon TypeSub-Machine Gun
Origin & DesignerRussia/Degtyaryov
Numbers ProducedPPD-34 & PPD-34/38: 4.174
PDD-40: 86.985
Calibre7.62mm (7.62x25)
Cartridge Weight[@cartridge_weight]
Round Weight85gr (5.5g)
Barrel LengthPPD-34: 244mm
PPD-40: 279mm
Overall LengthPPD-34: 777mm
PPD-34/38: 779mm
PPD-40: 782mm
Grenade Types[@grenade_types]
Combat WeightPPD-34: 3.23 kg
PPD-34/38: 3.3 kg
PPD-40: 3.23 kg
OperationBlowback/Selective Fire
Cooling System[@cooling]
SightsFront Blade & Rear Tangent
FeedPPD-34: 25 Round Box
PPD-34/38 & PPD-40: 71 Round Drum
Practical Rate of Fire[@practical_rate_of_fire]
Maximum Rate of FirePPD-34: 800 r.p.m.
PPD-34/38 & PPD-40: 900 r.p.m.
Blank Cartridge[@blank_cartridge]
Muzzle Velocity490 m/s
Fuel Capacity[@fuel_capacity]
Minimum Range[@minimum_range]
Effective Range200m
Maximum Range[@maximum_range]
Armour Penetration[@armour_penetration]
NotesThe PPD-34 (Pistolet-Pulemyot Degtyaryova) was sub-machine gun which was first issued in 1935. It was a robust design, but was never fully adopted by the military, as the Soviet high command saw them as a waste of ammunition, so few were made and those that were issued were mainly used by secret police. An improve version was issued in 1939, which allowed for the use of a 71 round drum, but this too was never fully appreciated. It was during the war with Finland that the need for a sub-machine became apparent, as Finish troops armed with the Suomi had an advantage in close range fire fights and this forced the Soviets to re-think and finally adopt a modified version and these were issued as the PPD-40. It was issued mainly to NCOs, but because the PPD used no stamped parts, it meant that it was a costly weapon to produce and this made the Soviets look for a cheaper and improved design, which came in the shape of the PPSh.